幸运体育投注

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            幸运体育投注

            发布时间:2020-04-07 12:15:25 文章来源:黄河 新闻网 阅读次数:615

              幸运体育投注XiaoJunyanRuraleconomicsituationin2003presentedthefollowingoutstandingcharacteristics:Firstofall,SARSepidemicseriouslyaffectedfarmers’income,farmers’’’,,thesituationoffarmproductsmarketturnedbetterwiththepickupofpric,nandruraldevelopmentasawhole,continuouslycarryingoutthereformofruraltaxationandfeesandgraindistributionsystem,carryingoutanumberofkeypoliciessuchasgivingmoreinvestmentforeducation,,,(GDP).Theoutstandingch,,,,,,,,upfivepercentover2002;,up3percent;,,,usedthe,(onehectareequals15mu)andthegrossoutputreached540milliontons,’incomeFarmers’netincomein2003averaged2,622yuanpercapita,:(1),541yuanpercapitainthewholeof2003,(2)Wageincomebecameamainsourceforfarmers’hewholeof2003,,,incomefromnon-agro-sectorworkwas514yuanpercapita,banareastoreturnhome,therapidgrowthofillionin2003,anincreaseoffivemillionover2002.(3),,,,,savingsdepositsofruralcreditcooperativesnationwidetotaled2,,,,overthebeginningoftheyear,,,,,overthebeginningoftheyear,,culturalloansofba,660billionyuanin2003,,596billionyuan,up14percent;businessincomeof14,600billionyuan,;goodsdeliveredforexporttotaling1,387billionyuan,up20percent;profitsamountingto855billionyuan,up13percent;taxesreaching270billionyuan,up15percent;paymentforemployeescomingto900billionyuan,;andthenumberofemployeesbytheendoftheyearamountingto135million,LiShantongFengJie,Departm,2004Roadsareoneoftheprimarymeansoftransportationinmoderntimes,androadfreighttransportatio,alongwithaccelerationofeconomicglobalizationandintensifiedmarketcompetition,ahighlyefficient,convenientandsaferoadfreighttransportationsystemhasbecomenotonlyanimportantpartoftheregionalandnationalinvestmentenvironmentbutalsoanimportantfactorinthecompetitivenessofaregionornation’,alongwithChina’sreformandopening-up,especiallythesignificantreformofthehighwayconstructionandmanagementsystem,China’,fundamentalcapacityandhaulagelevelhaveincreasedsignificantly,withroadtransportoccupyingalargeproportionofoveralltransport,andthepositionandroleofroadfreighttransportintheenti,roadsopentotrafficthroughoutthecountryhadincreasedfrom883,000kilometersin1980to1,810,000kilometers,,withroadsatandaboveGradeIIamountingto272,000kilometers,%,745kilometers,,%%%since1978(whileduringthesameperiod,theturnovervolumeo%,andtheproportionofrailfreighttransp%%in2002.),andthepr%in1978toapproximately14%,thefollowingproblemsinChina’ndtheRequirementofEconomicandSocialDevelopmentCoordinateddevelopmentoftransportationinfrastructureandthetransportindustryandeconomicandsocialaspectsistheobjectiverequirementforputtingintoeffectthe"fivebalancedaspects"ticsindustryinmoderntimes,roadfreighttransportplaysasignificantroleinacceleratingmaterialscirculation,shorteningthetransportdurationofgoods,reducingtransportationcost,facilitatingcooperationamongenterprisesbasedondivisionoflaborandtrans-regionaleconomiccommunications,andpushingforwardindust,thedeepeningofdivisionoflaborandregionalcooperationandtheincreasinglyintensifyingmaterialexchangesamongenterprises,newrequirementshavebeenp,anumberoflargeinternationalretailgroupsincludingWal-MartandPricemarthaveenteredChina,andmanymultinationalshavealsoestablishedproductionandprocurementbasesinthecountry,whichbringsanurgentdemandforthedevelopmentofthird,,ahighlyefficient,convenientandsaferoadfreighttransportationsystemandlogisticssystemnotonlyconstitutesanimportantpartoftheregionalandnationalinvestmentenvironmentbutalsoisconstantlybecomingasignificantfactorindeterminingthecompetitivenessofaregionornation’,alongwithintensifyingcompetitioninthemanufacturingindustry,sophisticatedlogisticsarebecomingani,becauseChina’sroadfreighttransportsystemandthelogisticsindustryarerelativelyunder-developed,thecompetitiveadvantagesofthemanufacturingindustryderivedfromsuchelementsofproductionascheaplaborpowerandlandanandtheRequirementfortheDevelopmentofHigh-gradeRoadsSincereformandopening-up,Chinahasmaderemarkableachievementsinhighwayconstruction,,thenationwideroadtrafficmileageincreased624,000kilometersoverthe1,186,000kilometersattheinitialstageofthe"NinthFive-YearPlan"period,withanaverageannualgrowthrateofapproximately7%.Moreover,’sexpresshighwaynetworkdevelopmentprogram,itisestimatedthat,by2010,55,000kilometersofexpresshighwaywillbebuiltup,andby2020,themileagewillbeextendedto82,tyofthehigh-graderoadnetisbeingincreasedatagreatrate,thedevelopmentoffreightvehicleslagsfarbehind,thestructureofthehaulingcapacityoffreightvehiclesisirrational,andtheoveralllevelofvehiclescannotsatisfytherequirementsforthedevelopmentofroads,,commercialvehiclesrunningonhighwaysinChinaaregenerallyofpoorperformanceandirrationalstructure,,whileheavylorries,vantrucks,container-towedvehiclesandalltypesofspe,therewere9,246,000roadfreightcarriersregisteredatthetransportationadministrationauthorities,including5,725,000motortrucks,withatotaltonnagecapacityof19,415,,ordinarytrucksaccountedforover90%,whilecontainer-towedvehicles,peddlecars,massfreightvehicles,tankersandrefrigeratedvansonlyaccountforabout5%.However,inAmerica,70%oadtransportation,theextensiveuseofspecial-purposefreightcarscanpromotethedevelopmentofthetransportnetworkandmultimodaltranspor,inChina,shortservicelife,agingandpoorsafetyperformanceofvehiclesalsoconstitutesastrikingproblem,without-of-datevehiclesaccountingforabout25%ofthetotal. 

              NiHongriInthefirsthalfofthisyear,theStateCouncildecidedtoreducebusinesstaxrateforfinancialenterprisesfrom8%to5%,,thereisstillasignificantgapbetweenthead’simminententryintotheWTOandthegeneraltrendofopeningupofthefinancialsector,itishighlynecessarytore-examineandstudytheappropriatetaxpolicyandsystemforfinancialenterprisesbasedontheeffectivenessoftheabovepolicyadjustment,thegeneralinternationalpractice,China’sparticularconditions,thedevelopmentofChina’sfinancialsector,thepromotionofthecompetitivenemsinOECDCountriesMosto(directtax)arebasicallysimilartothoseforothersectors(withslightdifferencesinparticularstipulations),buttheirtaxationsystemforindirecttax(namely,China’scirculationtax)followthelightratherthanheavytaxationrules,,thepracticeso,theOECDcountriesdonotlevyindirecttax(whichapproximatelyequalstoChina’sbusinesstax),includingmonetarysettlement,depositbusiness,lending,financialguarantee,noteandstocktrading,futures,optionsandlifeinsurance,an(excepttheUnitedStates)implementtheVATandGSTsystemsandadop(1)taxation;(2)taxexemption,whichallowsnorecoupmentfortheVATofthepurchasedgoods;(3)zerotaxrate,whichallowsrecoupmentfortheentireVATofthepurchasedgoodswhilegrantingtaxexemption;and(4)VATexemptionforfinancialservices,namely,financialservices,olicyformostfinancialbusiness,suchasmonetarysettlement,thetaxbaseofVAT,thenon-recoupingtaxationfortheincomeofthepurchasedgoodsisclosetothe“correct”taxationofthefinancialservicesand,therefore,ises,itwillnotonlybedifficulttooperatebutancialservices,suchasthecustody,,,,basedonrelevantdata,itleviesconsumptiontaxoninsuranceservic,Japantaxesitsfinancialservicesectorwithsignificantlymore,,%educationtaxlevied’sTaxationPoliciesandSystemforFinancialEnterprisesSincethestartofthereformandopeningup,andalongwiththefinancialsystemreform,therelationshipbetweenthegovern’stu,thefinancialinstitutionsnowpaytaxesandthegovernmentmakesinvestmenttosupplementth,especiallyforthestate-ownedfinancialinstitutions,to“differentiate”,therateof%%rateo,therateofenterpriseincometaxforthestate-ownedfinancialinstitutionswasadjustedto33%,whiletherateofbusinesstaxforallfinancialenterpriseswasraisedfrom5%to8%.SinceMay1,2001,therateofbusinesstaxforfinancialenterpriseswillbereducedto5%,itwillstillbehigherthanthe3%rateofbusinesstaxforthetransportation,telecommunicationandconstructionandinstallationsectorsinChina,,theChinesefinancialenterprisesbearagreatertaxburdenthanfinancialenterpriseswithforeigncapital,asthelatterenjoypreferentialtaxtreatmentintermsofenterpriseincometax,andareexemptedfromthemunicipalmaintenanc,uptothepresent,thestate-ownedfinancialinstitutionsstilltakeupadominantproportioninthefinancialsectorandholdup60%-ownedfinancialinstitutionssomehowleadsthegovernmenttoregardthestate-ownedfinancialinstitutions,especiallythestate-ownedbanks,asthe“secondarypublicfinance”orstatecoffers,,th,majoradjustmentsinthefinanceandtaxationsystemsinthepasthavebeenbasedonshort-termpublicfinanceinterests,andthetaxationsystemofthefinancial,comparedwithothersectors,t,underChina’scurrentinterestmanagementsystem,thegovernmentmaycontrolandregulatetheprofitsoffinancialenterpriseswithtaxleverag,’sFinancialEnterprisesundertheCurrentTaxationSystemAlthoughVAThasbeenadoptedinChina,duetovariousreasons,theVATsystemhasnotbeenappliedtosomeservicesectors,suchasthefinancial,transportationandconstructionsectors,asedgoodswhenpayingbusinesstax,’staxationframeworkdominatedbythecirculationtax(internationallynamedasindirecttax),financiale,theamountofcirculationtaxpaidbyfinancialenterprisesisoverRMB50billionyuan,,ncialenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.’dwillmaintainasteadygrowthwhiletheinter,theunfavorableimpactoftheseuncertaintiesontheChineseeconomyisexpectedtobesmallerthanlastyearandthena,,thegrowthofthetotalvolumeofconsumergoodsretaildeclinedslightly,mainlyduetotheeffectofdecliningpricesandthefactthatthepurchasingwithtokenmoney,,,price,supplyandotherfactors,itisunlikel,,thegrowthofforeigninvestmentwasfa,,investmentgrowthisexpectedtobes,exportgrowthisexpectedtobesl,,,,weshouldseethatastheimprovementinChina’sexportconditionsisnottangibleanditsimportwillgrowfasterafterWTOaccession,thecountry’yfast,foreigndemandintermsofnetexportwilldecline,andthisyear’seconomicgrowthwillbeequaltoorslightlyhigherthanthatoflastyear,thepasttwoyears,somepositivechangesofmid-a,housing,automobile,telecommunications,infrastructureandothersectorsthatcoulddirectlyupgradeconsumptionstructureandindustrialstructureandeffectivelypushforw,foreigntransnationalcompaniesacceleratedthetransferringofpr,progresshasbeenmadeinreformingthestate-ownedenterprises,inbringingthemoutofdifficulties,andinrestructuring,reorganizing,,someenterprisesthaisesinsoutheastcoastalprovincesha,thereform,telecommunications,,initialprogresshasbeenmadeintheadjustmentandreformofgovernmentsystem,especiallyinoverhaulingtheadministrativeexaminationandapprovalsystem,,governmentrelationswithenterprises,,someispenditure;thesecondisthecontrastbetweeneconomicgrowthandeconomicefficiencyindex;andthethirdisthatwhiletheeconomyhasmaintainedafairlyfastgrowth,sitivefiscalpoliciesimplementedbythegovernmentinrecentyearsandthepoliciesofreformandadjustmentthatweredesi,therecouldbenoliberalenvironmentforthegrowthofsoci,withoutinherentdrivingforceforeconomicgrowth,thefairlyfasteconomicgrowthr,thetotalvolumeoftheChineseeconomyhasbeenconstantlyexpandingwhilethescaleofnationalbondsissuedbythegove,tosomeextent,duetotheexcessivedependenceoftheon-goingeconomicgrowth,especiallythegrowthofinvestmentandexport,yrelatedtothechangesintheexternalenvironment(forexample,thedeclininginternationaloilprices)he,protectandstrengthenthemarket-basedinherentdrivingforceforec,urtheupgradingofconsumptionstructure,suchaslowertaxesandfees,,housingmonetization,whichhasnotbeentrulyimplemented,andthemarketizationofusedhousesshouldbeexpedited,whilethe,stmententhusiasmofallinvestors,,theproactivefiscalpoliciesaimedatmaintainingeconomicgrowthrateshouldbereplacedbythefiscalpoliciesthatgiveequalemphasistosuppo,aftertheon-goingprojectssupportedbynationalbondsarebasicallycompleted,theemphasisofthefiscalpoliciesshouldshifttoincreasingthesupportforpoorpeopleandbackwardregionsandeasingthecont,itisimperativetoincreasethesupportfortheconstructionofthesocialsecuritysystem,toeasethehistoricalburdensofthestate-ownedenterprisesthatareintransition,andtopromotethecomprehensiveandsubstantialadvanceintheadjustmentofthedistributio,itisnecessarytoincreasetheinputoftheguidingfundsininfrastructureconstructionandrelatedareasandtoexpeditetheexplorationfornewmechanismstoattract,withlimitedfiscalfunds,asmuchsocialfundsaspossibletoinvestinthepublicsectorswelfare....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.幸运体育投注 


              ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo162,cingactivityreferstoinformallyorganizedpublicfinvestmentandfinancingprocesseswherethesurplussocialcapitalsaretransfondepartmentsaresovigorousistyaimedatservingtheprivateeconomyandfillingupthevacancyofthesupplyanddemandmarket,ficultiesSincethereformandopeningup,China’,householdindus,,,theto,,,,ts"supplementary"s,however,thefinancingdifficultythathasalsystemandstructuralproblemsintheformalfinancialsystem,neitherthecapitalmarketnorthefundmarkethasev,about80percentoftheenterprisesregardfinancingdifficultyastheirmajordevelopmentobstacle,andover90percentofhouseholdandprivateenterprise(exceptlistedcompanies),theirowncapitaltakesup65percent,privateloansandcommercialcreditstakeup25percent,bankloansonlytakeup10percent,rivateenterprisescanhardlysatisfytheircapitaldemandthroughformalchannels,informalfinancingactivitieshaveremainedvigorousinareaswithdevelopedprivateeconomyandhavebecomeamajorsourceyrestrictedvarioustypesofprivatefinancingactivitiesandstrictlybanned"illegalfundraising"activities,,theymainlytakethefollowingways:,privateborrowingmarkethasneverceasedthanthatofbanklending,manyurbanresidentsinvestedtheirfundsintothismarketall-sizedenterprises,downstreamenterprisesdelaytheirpaymentsforupstreamenterprises,enterprisesdelaypaymenttooneanother,a,whenenterprise,theguaranteedenterpriseusesitsenterpriypartytodoso,thecreditor’,significantnumberofunderground(orsemi-underground)privatebanksandmiddlemenhds,:First,strength,buttheyhavetopayinterestsforinformalfinancingatadoubleratethanthatoftheformalfinancing,,’scapitalmarketrevealsthatthecostforlistingisveryhighwhetheranenterprisegetsdirectlylisted,orthroughpurchasingthemajor,,,duetohighinvestmentrisks,,,asthesharesofnon-listedcompaniescanhardlycirculate,manyundergroundtransactionstookplace,,undergroundstocktransactionsusedtoprevailinXi’an,Chengdu,Hainan,,theincomesfromstockownershiptrusteeofonly50enterprisesdelistedfromthestockexchangeamountedtoRMB30millioninoneyear,uitycirculationbycertaindegree,theyalsocreatedlotsof"primarysharefrauds".Somecompaniesjoinedtoge,aldoesnotonlyintensifytheproblemofchain-debtsinsociety,,,inter-en,however,,somelawlesspeoplehaveexploit,withsomeloansgrownfromthesizeof"ant"intothatof"elephant",andtheborrowersbeenruined,whichseriouslyaffectedsocialstability....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1DatafromtheAll-ChinaFederationofIndustryandCommerce.TheindustrialstructuresofChina,ogy-intensivesectorswhileJapanismoreprominentinthesectorssuchastransportationequipment,precisioninstruments,chemicals,,thestructureofSino-JapanandSino-Koreabilateraltradehasbeenupgradingwithmachineryandelectro(FDI),Japanisacapitalprovider,Chinaisacapitalreceiver,%ofthetotalintheregionin2003,,Japanisitsthirdlargestinvestmentsource,’,,%ofKorea’stotalFDIinflow,%,70%,79%and87%,however,JapaneseandKorea’senterpriseshavebeenmoreinclinedtoinvestinelectronicsandtelecommunicationequipment,transportationequipment,electricmachinery,egionforforeigndirectinvestmenthasasi,,,foreign-investedenterprises(FIEs)haveoccupiedashareofover50%inChina’stradewithJapanandKorea[1],’sbilat’sdown-streampositioninEastAsia’sproductionchain,ma’stradewithJapan,KoreaandASEAN(SeeFigure1).Incontrast,China’etweenChinaandtheUS. 

            幸运体育投注ZhangLiqun,,2005TheChineseeconomybegananewroundofrapidgrowthin2002,thankst,thestructuralupgradingofpersonalconsumptiontohousingandtransportationhasbroughtanewroundofstructuraladjustmentofsocialprod,thechangesinownershipstructureandinpropertyrelationshaveenabledthe,theyhavealsocauseddiversecontradicbecomeakeyissueforChina’’,,,,therewasonceatrendofeconomicheating,,,(estimated)forthefourquarters,s43percentinthefirstquarter,,,s,investmentinthesectorsofironandsteel,,,withtheinvestmentinagriculture,forestry,,,investmentinthesectorsofpower,coal,,housingandautomobileconsumptionbounceddownByearlyDecember2004,,,,,,,,’sforeigntradein2004totaled1,,,Chinaistheworld’,China’,,,,,,,theex-factorypricesoftheproduc,,,,,,,(1)ThedrasticchangesintheeconomicstructurehaveaffectedthestabilityoftheeconomicperformanceThecontr,thesupplycapacitiesofboththetraditionalconsumergoodssuchastextilesandhouseholdappliancesandtheemergingconsumergoodssuchaselectronics,communicationsequipmentandautomobiles(housingisclassifiedaspersonalinvestment)(rawmaterialsandmachineryequipment)andbasicproducts(energyandtransport),,unlikeinthepast,supplyshortageswerenotwide-ranging,,thistriggeredafastgrowthinthesectorsofironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,cement,petrochemicals,,thishasalsoallowedtheextensivemodeofgrowtreasedtheproductioncostofendproductsandmadeitmoredifficultforthesesectorstodevelop.

            ,someimportantdevelopmentshavetakenplaceinstructurala,theautomobileandthehousingindustrieswcommercialhousingremainedover20%.FromJanuarytoJulyin2001,,%,theproportionofsalesofcommercialhousingtoprivateownerstookup85%,whilethegrowthofdemandforprivatehousingbec,thegrowthintheincomesoftheautomobileindustryroseevenhigherto25%,whichwasonlynexttotha,theautomobilepartsmanufacturingsectorachievedanevenfasterincreaseandmaintainedagrowthrateofover40%,th,%;%%respectively,,thecomparativeadvantageofcerta,internationalmulti-nationalcorporati,thePhilipsElectronicGroupmoveditsentiremobilephonemanufacturingcapacitytothejointventureinShenzhen,sShanghaibaseto14millionnextyear,sChinamanu,angeexpressedtheintentiontomovethemanufacturingbaseselsewhere,while70%,thegrowthrateofthe,thesalesincomeofthecoalindustryhasgrownby15%,cceleratedgrowthofthehighenergy-consumingheavyindustryandrawmaterialsindustry,aswellasthefluctuatinginternationaloilprices,,suchastheconstructionindustry,themachineryindustry,thelightindustryandtheautomobileindustry,aswellastheincreaseininternationaldemandforsteel,,,,som,Zhejiang,Anhui,Shanghai,Hebei,Sichuan,rovinceandextendedthereformexperiencefromsmalltownshipstolargecities,eholdsandnon-agriculturalhouseholdsandadoptaprincipleofac,adoptedaregistrationsystembasedonresidentialareasand,themostimportantaretheemergingleadingroleofthehousingandtheautomobileindustries,thetransferoftheinternationa,China’sexportgrowthdecreasedasaresultoftheslow-downofinternationaleconomicgrowth,’,,therefore,,expansionofdomesticdemandshouldbecon,,China’seconomystillremainsinthedual-structuralstagewithsignificantdif,expandtheoveralleconomicscaleandpromotethetransferoffarmerstonon-agriculturalsectorstoraisetheirincomes,andthencreatemarketsforalargenum,theslowgrowthoffarmers’non-agriculturalsectorsandcities,whichiscausedbytheconstr,thepriorityinupgradingtheconsumption,theleadingrolesofthehousingandautomobileindustrieshavejustemergedthereon....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Inthefirsthalfoftheyear,thestructuralfactorsthataffectedtheCPImovementdemonstratedtangiblechanges:Theriseoffoodpriceswasvisiblyloweroverthesameperiodoflastyear,,,,becom,,,,theprice,butbeganshowingsomestructuralchangesInthefirstfivemonths,theex-,,,,whilepolicyregulationbeganshowingresultsInthefirstfourmonthsandfirstfivemonths,,,housingpricesroseataclearlysl,Jiangsu,Zhejiangandotherplaceswherehousingpriceshadbeenrisingexcessivelyfast,ricesbeingrelativelystableCarsalespickedupasfromthesecondquarter,,,,,arBasedontheanalysisofallaffectingfactors,theconsumerpriceindexwillcontinuetorisemoderatelyinthesecondhalfoft,andgrainpricesarevehikesinthesecondhalfoftheyearThemainfactorstodriveuptheconsumerpriceindex:First,,someregionalgovernmentsraisedthepricelevelsforpersonaluseofwater,coalgas,rentalandpublictransportandthereforeservicepri,thepriceincreasesofenergyandrawmaterialswillbefurthertransmittedtothepricesofthedownstreamindustrialco,thedeclineofstablestofautumncrops,grainoutputforthewholeyearwillcontinuetoincrease,whichwi,thestablepricesofmainnon-stablefoodstuffswillalsobegintofall,lyinthethirdquarteroftheyearbutthemargino,,andthatforthewholeyearwillbewithinthreepercent.


              ZhaoJinpingAfteritsWTOaccession,Chinahasbeenfacingadualstrategictaskofacceleratingopeningupandexpeditingstructuraladjustmentinordertorespondtothenewchangesininternationaldivisionof,analyzingthebasicfeaturesofforeign-investedindustriesandtheirimpactonstructuralupgradingisofvitalimportanceforstudyingandformulatingindustrialprialenterprisesareclearlybetterthanthoseofthenon-foreign-investedindustrialenterprisesandhavehelpedimprovethetechnicalcompetenceandinternationalcompetitivenessofChina’,theaveragerateofcapitalequipmentofChina’,whichwas31p/totalassets,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalesrevenuewererespectively41percent,11perc,theelectronicandcommunicationsequipmentmanufacturingindustries,thenon-foreign-dustrialenterprises,terpriciencyoftheforeign-investedindustrialent’sindustryaswhole,includingforeign-investedindustrialenterprises,was912,000yuan,whichwas6percenthigherth,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalerevenueincreasedrespectivelyby8percent,ctronicandcommunicationsequipment,transp,theycouldberegardedastheannualaverageofthelhavemadetangiblecontributionstotheimprovementoftheoveralltechnicalequipmentandinput-outputefficiencyofChina’,itisalsoamanifestationofthetechnology,swheretheproportionofforeign-investedenterprisesishigher,theexportofthe,theindustriesthathavemoreforeigninvestmenthaveastrongerinternationalcompetitivenessandexportadvantageandhencebecomeanimportantfactorforspurringthedevelopmentofChina’sexport-orientedeconomyandustrialpreferenceforlabor-intensiveindustries,andthisstructuralfeaturreign-investedsectorinallforeilytheprocessingindustriesoffinishedproducts,(1)themonopolyindustriesinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;(2)thedomesticindustriesthathavesolidbasesandenjoymarkedcompetitiveadvantages;and(3)theindustriesthatentaillongertimeforin(orthelesscapital-intensive)anindustry,’slabor-intensiveindustriesorthelabor-intensiveprocessinglinksofthecapital-intensiveindustries,whichenjoycomparativeadvantages,,thelevelofiheindustriesnationwidecanbefurtherdividedintotwofactors:theaveragel,theastries,tmentdistribution,,theroleofforeigninvestmentinpromotingstructuralupgradingis,thepreferenceofforeigninvestmentforlabor-intensiveindustriesoffsetsinacertaindegreetheupgradingeffectoft’homecountries(orregions)forindustrialtransfer,theinternationalmarketstrategiesoftransnationalcorporations,,;twoisthemarketaccessrestrictionsontheindustriesofnaturalmonopolyandtheindustriesofspecializedequipmentinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;andthreeistheneglectofthetechnicaltransformationandupgradingofthetraditionalindustries....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GuoLihong,,2005Inthemediumandshort-term(15years),feederairlineandgeneral-purposeairlinearethetwofactorspracticallydrivingthedevelopmentofChina’’saviationindustry,therefore,thefollowingpolicypro"feeder."Infact,inChinaorabroad,thereisnounifieddefinitionfor"feeder."Thecivilaviationsectorandtheaircraft-manufacturingsectorhavedifferentunderstandingsabouttheterm"feeder."Generallyspeaking,tothecivilaviationcircles,"feeder"referstoflightroutesnotbetweenairhubs,withadistancelessthan800kilometersor500nauticalmiles(about926kilometers).,however,"regionalaircraft"referstocivilaircraftwithsmallerseatingcapacity,lessthan100seatsorlessthan70seats,andtheflyingrangecouldvary,,aircraftusedformainroutescouldflyregionalroutes,(civilaircraft)Forthedemandpolicyofmilitaryaircraft,thereare(1)LooseningmarketaccessforregionalairlinecompaniesOfthe33domesticairlinecompaniesonceapproved,20operateregionalroutesconcurrently,,somelocalgovernments,forthepurposeofobtainingapproval,submittedtheirapplicationsinthenameofestablishingregionalairlinecompanies,,thereare73regionalairlineswithmorethan1,100regionalaircraft,andin1998,;andintheUnitedStates,thereare97regionalairlineswith2,150regionalaircraft,,ft,theformerStatePlanningCommissionmandatedthatallairlinesapplyin,butitwouldsurelybedetrimentregion,itwouldhelptheairlinestobeprofitableinthefuture,andontheotherhand,itwouldhelprealizethesharingofrisksandbenefitswithdomesticaircraftmanufacturers,andtheycouldbuilduptheirbrandsjointly,,,itwouldbeenoughtokeepthemfromrivalinginthealreadysaturatedmarketofmainroutes.(2)Looseningmarketaccessforgeneral-purposeairlinesIntermsofregionalcivilaviation,somemajorairlinesareoperatingregionalairroutesconcurrently,,itislaggingevenfurtherbehindforeigncounterparts,andevenworse,,themaingoalforlooseningmarketaccessforgeneraons,andpastexperienceshaveproventhatstatecapitalandstate-ownedenterprise,privateenterpriseshouldbegiventhechancetoenterthemarket.(3)LooseningcontrolsontheservicecontentsandpricesofregionalairlinesYunnanAirlinesmadeadetailedcost-profitestimateandevaluationonCR–%,theonlyonethatisprof,,tochoosedomesticallymanufacturedturbo-propaircraft,,,itisacommonpracticetingairlines,similartothosepoliciesadoptedbytheformerstatedepartmentsformanysectorsinwhichthestatecapitalplaysadominantrole,containsthefearof"absenceofowners,"therefore,itsinterpretationof"priceself-discipline"is"salesatlowpricearenotallowed.",privateaviationcompanieswouldnotgiveuptomakeprofits;second,theyfacecompetitionfromthehighwayandrailwaytransportationoperators;andthird,itisalsorestrictedbytheconsumers’,,tocancelsomeservices,,theywouldstillbewillingtobuyairticketsforsuchflights,,onlyhotwaterisprovidedfreeofcharge,,governmentcontrolofregionalairlinesshouldbeexercisedcompletelyunderthemarketprinciple,anditisnotnecessaryforittoplaytheroleofinvestorsometimesandtheroleofconsumerinsomeothertimes.幸运体育投注 

 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